TitleA Reduced-Complexity Description of Arm Endpoint Stiffness with Applications to Teleimpedance Control
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
Conference NameIEEE International Conference of Intelligent Robots and Systems - IROS2015
Pagination1017 - 1023
Publication Languageenglish
AuthorsA. Ajoudani, Fang, C, Tsagarakis, NG, Bicchi, A
Conference LocationHamburg, Germany, 28 Sept - 2 Oct 2015
KeywordsHaptics, Robotics

Effective and stable execution of a remote task in an uncertain environment requires that the task force and position trajectories of the slave robot be appropriately commanded. To achieve this goal, in teleimpedance control, a reference command which consists of the stiffness and position profiles of the master is computed and realized by the compliant slave robot in real-time. This highlights the need for a suitable and computationally efficient tracking of the human limb stiffness profile in real-time. In this direction, based on the observations in human neuromotor control which give evidence on the predominant use of the arm configuration in directional adjustments of the endpoint stiffness profile, and the role of muscular co-activations which contribute to a coordinated stiffening of the task stiffness in all directions, we propose a novel and computationally efficient model of the arm endpoint stiffness behaviour. With the purpose of real-time tracking of the human arm kinematics, an arm triangle is introduced using three body markers at the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints. In addition, a co-contraction index is defined using muscular activities of a dominant antagonistic muscle pair. Calibration and identification of the model parameters are carried out experimentally, using perturbation-based arm endpoint stiffness measurements in different arm configurations and co-contraction levels of the chosen muscles. Results of this study suggest that the proposed model enables the master to naturally execute a remote task by modulating the direction of the major axes of the endpoint stiffness and its volume using arm configuration and the co-ativation of the involved muscles, respectively.


softhands, wearhap

Refereed DesignationRefereed
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