Human activities in space environments have a negative effect on the astronauts’ health. the STAMAS (Smart technology for artificial muscle applications in space) consortium will develop a new type of astronauts’ suit, a “smart-suit”, which will mitigate the pernicious effects of weightlessness and motor inactivity and, thus, maintain the astronauts’ health and physical fitness during and after a space mission. The project will utilise existing terrestrial experience in Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) and Electroactive Polymer (EAP) technologies.